Frontiers of the Universe: Spanish Language Astronomy Materials Education Center

Book Cover: Fronteras del Universo Book Cover: Fronteras del Universo

Title: Frontiers of the Universe

Compiled by: Manuel Peimbert

Editor: Fondo de Cultura Económica

Year: 2000

ISBN: 968-16-6103-6

Suggested reader’s academic level: Junior and Senior High School

This book contains nine original essays on basic astronomy. The topics cover the study of the nearest regions of the Universe to the farthest. At the end of each essay, there is a section that explains related or complementary subjects. These are illustrated with images taken by some of the most advanced telescopes in the world.

Frontiers of the Universe

Description:

This book contains nine original essays on basic astronomy. The topics go from the study of the nearest regions of the Universe to the farthest. At the end of each essay, there is a section that explains related or complementary subjects. These are illustrated with images taken by some of the most advanced telescopes in the world. The book has 179 pages and it is part of the collection La ciencia para todos (Science for Everyone). The language in which it is written is simple, however the technical terms are unavoidable.

Contents:

  • Introduction
  1. Planetary Systems
    Julieta Fierro
    • Introduction
    • Exploring the Moon with Clementine
    • The Sun
    • Venus
    • Mars
    • Comets
    • Jupiter
    • Other Worlds
  2. Extraterrestrial Impacts and Extinction
    Miguel Ángel Herrera
    • Extinction
    • The Rocks of the Sky
    • Meteors
    • The Arizona Crater
    • Chicxulub
    • Solitary Impact?
    • How likely a is Collision?
    • Conclusion
  3. H II Regions (Hot Gas Among the Stars)
    Silvia Torres-Peimbert
    • Interstellar Environment
    • Ionized Regions by Young Stars (HII Regions)
    • The Orion Nebula
    • H II Compact Regions
    • H II Regions in Other Galaxies
    • Conclusion
    • Section III.1. Quality of the Image
    • Section III.2. Importance of the Studies in Different Wavelengths
  4. Planetary Nebulae
    Miriam Peña
    • Introduction
    • The Hot and Tiny Central Star
    • Morphologies
    • Radiation of Nebular Gas
    • Chemical Composition of Nebulae and the Importance of the Heavy Elements of Low Mass Stars
    • Planetary Nebulae in Other Galaxies
    • A Brief Personal Note
  5. Astrophysics of High Energies
    Luis Felipe Rodríguez
    • The Infinite Electromagnetic Spectrum
    • Astronomy Discovers the Electromagnetic Spectrum
    • The Origins of X-Ray Astronomy
    • Binary Stars: Producers of X-Rays
    • Other Sources of the Cosmos that Emit X-Rays
    • Gamma Ray Astronomy
    • Conclusion
    • Section V.1. Regions of the Electromagnetic Spectrum
    • Section V.2. Binary Star
  6. Neutron Stars and Pulsars
    Danny Page
    • Introduction
    • Pulsars
    • Neutron Stars
    • Binaries of X-Rays and Related Pulsars
    • Where are the others?
    • Section VI.1. The Geminga Pulsar
    • Section VI.2. The Hulse and Taylor Binary Pulsars
  7. Properties, Origin, and Evolution of Galaxies
    Jesús González G.
    • Introduction
    • Our Galaxy
    • Galaxies
    • Galaxies and the Universe
    • The Origin of Galaxies
    • Galaxy Formation
    • Evolution of Galaxies
    • Chemical Evolution
    • Final Notes
  8. Quasars
    Deborah Dultzin
    • Introduction
    • Active Galaxy Nuclei (or their cousins the “reptiles,” and other organisms)
    • Intense Booms of Stellar Formation
    • Supermassive Black Holes
    • Galaxies Interactions and Collisions
    • Lights that Enlight the Past
    • Section VIII.1. The Electromagnetic Spectrum
    • Section VIII.2. Mexican Quasars
    • Sections VIII.3. Faith Dogmas?
  9. Origin of the Elements and Evolution of the Universe
    Manuel Peimbert
    • Big Bang Theory
    • Determination of the Chemical Composition of the Gas Nebulae
    • Stellar Evolution and the Gas Nebulae
    • Chemical Evolution of the Galaxies
    • Cosmology
    • Conclusion
    • Section IX.1. The Stars as Alchemists
    • Section IX.2. The Observable Universe
    • Section IX.3. Dark Matter and Pregalactic Abundances
    • Section IX.4. The Future of the Observable Universe
    • Section IX.5. The Cosmological Constant
  • Glossary
  • Recommended Readings
  • Illustration Credits

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